(BTW, check out what’s available — it’s everything in the Recent Email Sending Summary Report, plus some more details.)
Simply create a Script Activity in Automation Studio like this. Before the first run, update the TargetDECustomerKey and TargetDECategoryID values for your preferred Data Extension and folder. I generally use Send for the Data Extension name and customer key. As noted in the script, you can comment out Data Extension creation part after the first run.
This script sets a filter (it’s like a where-clause in SQL), iterates through the Send Object results, and upserts them into the specified Data Eextension. If you don’t want to retrieve all sends every time, you can uncomment the filter criteria and get more specific. I’ve generally not restricted it by date, because it’s not that much data to retrieve.
Finally, schedule this to run on an interval appropriate for your needs. At least daily is good.
Once you have data, you can toolbar-download it as needed, query it, export it with an Extract Activity, or lookup and display it in an email or CloudPage with AMPscript.